The Outlook for European Security: An Uncertain Trumpet

Poland Celebrates 25 Years In NATO. Photo credit: Beata Zawrzel via Reuters Connect.

The American general Maxwell Taylor wrote a book published in 1960 under the title “The Uncertain Trumpet” about American defense complacency in the Cold War. It triggered a change in strategy. The trumpets of Jericho brought down walls. Today, a trumpet is needed to break through Europe’s walls of inertia and a comfortable “business as […]

Russian Policy and Hamas’ Assault: Putin Benefits From Chaos

Russian President Vladimir Putin. Photo credit: Sputnik/Aleksey Nikolskyi/Kremlin via REUTERS

If there is a winner emerging from the October 7 terrorist attack and subsequent war in Gaza, it is Vladimir Putin. On October 8, Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelensky said Russia is interested in starting a war in the Middle East to “undermine world unity.” Russia may not need to start a full-blown war, but Zelensky understands that the current escalation in […]

Russia-Ukraine Information Warfare and the Challenge for Liberal Democracies

Russian President Vladimir Putin is seen on a screen broadcasting Russian TV news programs in Mariupol. Photo credit: REUTERS/Alexander Ermochenko

On November 15, 2022, NATO and Russia had a tense moment that might have escalated into a military confrontation. A missile hit a Polish village near the Polish-Ukrainian border, killing two civilians. Associated Press cited unnamed Western officials that it was a Russian missile. It might have been the basis for Poland invoking Article 5, […]

A Year of War

Russian President Vladimir Putin takes part in a ceremony on the "Defender of the Fatherland Day" in Moscow, February 23, 2023. Photo credit: via REUTERS

A year after invading Ukraine, Vladimir Putin defines the war as an existential battle for Russia’s survival. In a classic case of the aggressor blaming the victim, Putin says the West invaded Russia using Ukraine. “It’s they [the West] who have started the war. And we are using force to end it,” he said on […]

Ukraine in the Trap of Ideological Fixations

Photo credit: Shutterstock

The tragedy now unfolding in Ukraine serves as a painful and powerful reminder of one of the foundational lessons of modern history. Ideological and faith-driven fixations, whether in foreign or domestic affairs, lead to bad policy. Evidence-based policies do not necessarily guarantee success, but their built-in pragmatism allows for adaptations that take into account changing […]

Putin’s Risky Gamble in Ukraine

Russian President Vladimir Putin. Photo credit: REUTERS.

The decision-making process and situation assessments by the Putin regime made the risky decision to invade Ukraine possible. But what exactly does Putin intend to achieve?