The Ukraine War After Two Years: Initial Military Lessons

Ukrainian soldier defends Zaporizhzhia in south-eastern Ukraine. Photo credit: Dmytro Smolienko/Ukrinform/Sipa USA via Reuters Connect.

As the war approaches the end of its second year, unless some dramatic development occurs to shift current trends – for instance, a collapse of NATO support for Ukraine or the death of Putin – it seems that the war is a long way from being decided or brought to an end. Initial lessons on […]

Mr. Erdoğan in New York: A Transactional Foreign Policy Should be Repaid in Kind

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan addresses the UN General Assembly in New York, September 19, 2023. Photo credit: REUTERS/Mike Segar

Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is in New York this week for the UN General Assembly and side meetings with world leaders. Before going, he voiced his frustration with the Biden administration’s decision to directly link the sale to Turkey of upgraded F-16 fighters (which require congressional approval) to Ankara’s ability to ratify Sweden’s accession […]

Erdoğan and the US Congress

US Senator Bob Menendez (Left) and Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, with a Turkish F-16 in the back (illustration). Photos credit: Kyle Mazza via Reuters Connect, IMAGO/Björn Trotzki via Reuters Connect, REUTERS/Murad Sezer

No one can truly predict what the next five years of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan will mean for Turkey, the Middle East, the NATO alliance and Russia. The recent JST articles by Turkey experts indicate a wide range of views.  >> Window on Washington: Read more from Dov S. Zakheim Although his electoral victory in May […]

How Would Republicans Conduct American Foreign Policy Today?

Governor Ron DeSantis gets ready to speak during a campaign rally former US President Donald Trump in Florida, October 2018. Photo credit: REUTERS

The global order is changing rapidly. China is brokering normalization between Iran and Saudi Arabia while the United States brokers normalization between Arab states and Israel. Turkey and Russia are both antagonists and collaborators in multiple hot spots. Ukraine’s military is proving stronger than Russia’s. Alliances and friendships in the Indo-Pacific are coalescing against Chinese […]

Lessons of the Russo–Ukraine War

Russian President Vladimir Putin. Photo credit: via REUTERS

Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine has been underway for almost nine years and is closing on one year in its current, full-scale form. What we can learn from the war’s origins and initial stages may assist us in finding the right policies to help end it on the best possible terms for Ukraine and […]